The principal economic practice in the olmec society was farming, mainly stationary farming, but occasionally they would engage in slash-and-burn agriculture farmers grew maize, yams, squash, beans, grains, gourds, and avocados. Generally, only six pristine cultures are thought to exist: those of ancient india, egypt, china, sumeria, and the chavin culture of peru in addition to the olmec that’s not to say that the olmec appeared out of thin air.
Religion held a strong influence in the culture of the chavin cult, most easily observed from the name of their civilization itself a cult is a group of people who's lives revolve around following a religious leader who promotes doctrine and practices specific to their religion. This indicates that the chavin possessed some knowledge of astronomy photograph of the tello obelisk, a giant sculpted shaft of granite the obelisk features images of plants and animals—including caymans, birds, crops, and human figures—and may portray a chavín creation myth.
The chavin civilization flourished between 900 and 200 bce in the northern and central andes and was one the earliest pre-inca cultures the chavin religious centre chavin de huantar became an important andean pilgrimage site, and chavin art was equally influential both with contemporary and later. The religion of olmec civilization centered around he belief that there were three levels of existence: the physical world of humans, and underworld, and sky realms (which were where their gods resided.
Like the chavin, the olmec spurred trade that was never before seen, stretching from the gulf coast into the mexican highlands olmec-centrists believe that the olmecs colonized the highlands and in a way turned the savage people living there into olmecs. Timothy lambert-law de lauriston anth 4513 dr michael whalen 14 march 2012 chavin and olmec during the time span of 900 bc to 200 bc in south america and 1300 bc to 600 bc in mesoamerica there appear in the archaeological record two phenomena known as the olmec in mesoamerica and the chavin in south america.
Olmecs chavin and other early mesoamerican civilizations read the title zapotec the language of the olmec people bloodletting ceremonies originated with olmecs, implemented to ensure the productivity and longevity of their agricultural society, dedicated to gods of natural causes like rain and earth in hopes of favorable crop growing. The olmec were known for their exquisite art work, which included carved jade figurines, necklaces, ceremonial knives and axes, and giant head sculptures made from basalt artisans traded for obsidian, jade, and pottery. Within the chavin site was a structure which revealed rooms and galleries, speculated by archaeologists to be used as “ritual chambers” for a variety of ceremonies, including what could have been a ceremony surrounding fire.
The olmec were the first great mesoamerican civilization they thrived along mexico’s gulf coast, mainly in the present-day states of veracruz and tabasco, from about 1200 to 400 bc, although there were pre-olmec societies before that and post-olmec (or epi-olmec) societies afterward the olmec. A art the olmec were known for their exquisite art work, which included carved jade figurines, necklaces, ceremonial knives and axes, and giant head sculptures made from basalt. The architecture of the chavin site allowed for a rich and diverse ritual practice within the ritualized spaces, leading scholars to speculate whether or not the chavin served as a multi-ethnic ceremonial center the architecture, materials, and offerings might have been inspired by other cultures, but there is a question as to whether or not.
Olmecs and chavin both in the americas study play cultural hearths olmec, the first elaborate pre-columbian civilization of mesoamerica (c 1200-400 bce) and one that is thought to have set many of the fundamental patterns evinced by later american indian cultures of mexico and central and pyramids chavin growth was enabled by. The olmecs rubber people in mesoamerica, and chavins in the andesthe legacies of the two important civilizations would persist in mesoamerica and the andes for thousands of years both served as formative parent cultures for the civilizations to come in the area and had influences equivalent to those of river valleys seen in the ancient.
The cultural legacies of the olmec and chavin would persist for more than a thousand years the mesoamerican olmec, 1200-400 b ce mesoamerica is a region of great geographic and climatic diversity. The western hemisphere was populated through series of migration from the asian mainland the declining sea levels of the last ice age, resulted in a formation of a land bridge that connected siberia with present day alaska.