This first belief-in the special nature of personal identity-has, i think, certain effects it makes people assume that the principle of self-interest is more rationally compelling than any moral prin- ciple and it makes them more depressed by the thought of aging and of death. Andrew moore derek parfit died on 2 january 2017 he was a philosopher, whose work focused on personal identity, the basis of ethics, and our obligations to future beings the title of his 2011 book states his overall focus: on what matters he was a distinctive person, and he produced strikingly original and influential work. Psychological traits2 so it is significant and surprising that the thesis that persons endure, even if enduring persons are “essentially psychological,” undermines all analyses of personal identity in terms of psychological continuity.
Parfit, in the lockean tradition, maintains that continued existence just consists in psychological continuity there is no further fact, no further essence of identity equally significant is his work on future generations, an area in moral philosophy that he almost single-handedly devised. Personal identity, moral agency and liang-zhi: a comparative study of notion of moral agency and thereby refutes the reductionist thesis of derek parfit korsgaard indicates that actions and choices, from the practical standpoint, must be viewed psychological continuity this can be described in an impersonal way and without. Given this, parfit believes that facts about personal identity just consist in more particular facts concerning psychological continuity and/or connectedness, and thus that personal identity can be reduced to this continuity and/or connectedness. L , 4 abstraçt this thesis examines derek parfit's theory of personal identity parfit argues that what matters in the continued existence of persons through t~e is psychological connectedness and continuity (relation r), and that the.
Start studying personal identity philosophy exam 4 learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Parfit says that psychological continuity requires overlapping chains of direct psychological relations (such as memories, desires, etc) on his view, if an exact replica of me is being created, which has exactly the same psychology as me, and my original body is going to be destroyed in a few minutes, i should not be worried.
Derek antony parfit, fba (/ ˈ p ɑːr f ɪ t / 11 december 1942 – 1 january 2017) was a british philosopher who specialised in personal identity, rationality, and ethics he is widely considered one of the most important and influential moral philosophers of the late 20th and early 21st centuries. 4 parfit and the unimportance of personal identity derek parfit proposes a theory of the ontological status of persons, which promises to answer the problem of fission and the paradox of personal identity. Personal identity philosophy exam 4 study play cartesian ego theory persons= soul/mind my soul can survive my bodily death solution to parfit's approach psychological continuity and connectedness survival is a matter of erodes degree of survivalas you trace longer paths.
Psychological connectedness is a kind of direct psychological continuity it is not transitive as it requires the holding of “direct psychological relations” (parfit, 1971, p 42:13) this contrasts with psychological continuity which is transitive because it “only requires overlapping chains of direct psychological relations” (parfit, 1971, p42:13. Generally, according to parfit, psychological continuity with any reliable cause matters in survival, and since personal identity does not consist merely in psychological continuity with any reliable cause, personal identity is not what matters in survival. In working out how to do so, parfit comes to the conclusion that “the question about identity has no importance” (parfit, 1971, p 42:3) in this essay, i will attempt to show that parfit’s thesis is a valid one, with positive implications for human behaviour. Argue that personal identity consists of psychological continuity according to the psychological continuity theorist, one‟s identity over time is traced by following a series of memories, beliefs, desires, or intentions opposed to psychological continuity theories are those who argue that personal identity consists of biological continuity.
Key works: derek parfit offers and explains the distinction between nonreductionist and reductionist views of personal identity in parfit 1984 (a distinction he originally labeled as between simple and complex views in parfit 1973)for the original statement of a psychological criterion of identity, see john locke's persistence of consciousness view in locke & nidditch 1979. Identity, in perception and personal identity: proceedings of the i967 oberlin colloquium in philosophy, ed by norman care and robert hgrimm (cleveland, i 967) 3 in identity and spatio-7temporal continuity (oxford, i967), p 50 4 in self-knowledge and self-identity derek parfit i do survive wiggins' operation its effect is to give me. Parfit was born in 1942 in chengdu, china, the son of jessie (née browne) and norman parfit, medical doctors who had moved to western china to teach preventive medicine in missionary hospitals the family returned to the united kingdom about a year after parfit was born, settling in oxford.
Only the psychological states that she has, and whatever psychological continuity is 4 this is the understanding in, for example, the exchange between derek parfit, david lewis and john perry in rorty (1976. Derek parfit offers and explains the distinction between nonreductionist and eric t olson has argued that any view of personal identity in terms of psychological continuity has a consequence that he considers untenable—namely, that i was never an early-term fetus first, the psychological-continuity view of personal identity does not. Relation r—psychological connectedness and/or psychological continuity, either with the normal cause or with any cause, provided (b) that there is no different person who is r-related to us as we once were (parfit 1984, 216.